The Department of Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine at the University of Toronto is a world leader in its field due to its impressive academic productivity. This productivity is across our four academic domains – research, education, clinical practice, and administration – where our faculty members are advancing the science of anesthesia, pain and perioperative medicine. By asking probing questions and using innovative research methods, we are making practice changing contributions across the entire field, such as in our understanding of how anesthetics work, developing new drugs, inventing new technologies, and carrying out multi-centered clinical trials to improve patient outcomes.